State Terror, Gangs and Everyday violence in Rio

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State Terror, Gangs and Everyday violence in Rio da Mind Map: State Terror, Gangs and Everyday violence in Rio

1. Crime and Violence in Rio De Janeiro

1.1. City of extremes. Zona Sul has elegant apartments, security guards, but equipped with a fear of violence

1.1.1. Upper class have little exposure to the poor Talk of crime created prejudice toward house workers. Upper class viewed lower class in a paradoxical way. Bad: thieves, criminals, killers, Good: nannies, domestic workers

2. Local Gang and Leader

2.1. Dilmar, gang leader of the favela lived modestly, the only sign of wealth was his watch.

2.1.1. Once Goldstein introcuced herself as an anthropologist,they would nod to one another on the street. A form of respect was built because Goldstein was not a cop

3. Overview of gangs

3.1. Beyond drugs, Gangs offer a sense of belonging to young males

3.1.1. A gangs presence was also a nuisance to young men who did not want any business with the gangs Gangs offer an ethos of masculinity

4. Drug Trafficking Gangs in Rio

4.1. In favelas, Drug chiefs are strong local figures

4.1.1. Community had some men who preferred crime over low paying job. Many resident would perceive these individuals as bandits.

4.2. Bandits, Police, Police-Bandits

4.2.1. Term 'police bandits' is used by residents, term is used as inescapability of violence in their world Police Bandit symbolizes the corruption within the police force.

5. Revenge Practices

5.1. Revenge is a stand in for a legal system that is absent or dysfunctional

5.1.1. Individuals are considered good or bad bandits, good or bad police Situations are are likely to be resolved by brute force or murder

6. Solution of Private Matters

6.1. Sexual abuse and violence is taken care of by the favela, not the government

6.1.1. Sexual Abuse: A man was responsible for the abuse of his stepdaughters, he was often abuse he and 'screw' them, once the gang members found out they severely abused him and denounced him from the favela Adultery: A woman was having an affair on her husband, when her husband found out he ordered the gang to severely beat the lover, at that moment the two fled. Later the husband, Ciro, entered Soni (the lovers) old shack, with the intention to rape and beat Soni's ex wife. Rape of a Child: Marila's brother in law was wrongfully accused of raping a three year old child, the gang members decided not to 'waste a bullet on him' instead they doused him with gasoline and set him on fire.

7. Alternative Justice in the Brown Zone

7.1. Felicidade Eterna citizens support Braga for 'cleaning up the streets

7.1.1. Gangs are called upon the rights and wrongs

8. Policing In Brazil

8.1. Social relations are marked by exaggerated inequality

8.1.1. Because the poor are criminalized they bear the burden of corrupt dealing with the police

9. Note on Oppositional Culture

9.1. In Rio, everyone grown up knowing their place in society

9.1.1. Oppositional culture that gangs represent is a direct response to long term, historically conditioned economic oppression

10. Disdain for the Police

10.1. Relationships between favela residents and police produce a structure of regular violence unknown to middle and upper classes

11. Criminalization of Poor

11.1. Rule of the Law belongs to the elite

11.1.1. Gangs provide an alternative justice system

12. Death of Adilson

12.1. Adilson was apart of gang, but later withdrew himself

12.1.1. After witnessing the death of a fellow gang member but not reporting it, his former gang killed him

13. Women, Oppositional Culture and Religious Conversion

13.1. Activist might actually look for support among previously rejected groups, especially religious groups

13.1.1. Filomena and Soneca going the Assembly of God Church Strict religious orders have greater success in Brown Zones.