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Types of Literature von Mind Map: Types of Literature

1. Myths: A fabulous story of oral tradition that explains, through narration, the actions of beings who symbolically embody forces of nature, aspects of the human condition, etc.; it applies especially to the story of the actions of the gods or heroes of antiquity.

1.1. The protagonist of this legend is a monk who is tempted by a sphere that swings through the window into his cell. The monk is captivated by the sphere and begins to wonder if it is related to the devil. Despite his thoughts, the monk spends hours playing with the sphere. Later, he meets a woman who claims the sphere, as it belongs to her son. At the prospect of handing over the sphere, the monk feels remorseful. The neighbours begin to point out that the monk looks like the devil and eventually gets rid of the sphere, giving it back to the child who claims it with a clouded gaze. The sphere then becomes a black hat that falls on the child's head

1.1.1. El sombreron:

1.2. Atlantis the mystery of the lost continent: In this re-edition -the first time it is published in Spanish-, belonging to the collection Ocultura directed by the popular writer Javier Sierra, Pinotti makes it clear that, for him, the myth of Atlantis is not an invention of Plato, but it is based on a real story, about a tangible "archipelago" located in the Atlantic Ocean, which was inhabited by an advanced culture, and which sank into the depths due to a colossal catastrophe, which sank it thousands of meters under the lava and mud.

1.2.1. Atlantis the mystery of the lost continent:

2. Non-fiction is a particular type of written content (sometimes in the form of a story) whose creator, in good faith, assumes responsibility for the truth or accuracy of the events, people or information presented. Nonfiction, which can be presented objectively or subjectively, is traditionally one of the two main divisions of narrative (and, specifically, prose writing); the other traditional division is fiction, which contrasts with nonfiction in that it deals with information, events, and characters that are expected to be subjective or largely imaginary.

2.1. Anne was born in Germany in June 1929 and died in 1945 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, a victim of typhus. The youngest member of the Jewish family, Frank, wrote her Diary... during the two years that the family was in hiding in an annex of her father's business in Amsterdam. When found by the German police, the Frank family was arrested and sent to concentration camps. Anne and her mother died in early 1945, just before the war ended. The Diary of Anne Frank is the testimony of a victim of the delirium the world experienced as a result of the Nazis. It was found and published by Miep Gies, a family friend, in 1947.

2.1.1. Ana Frank's Diary

2.2. A Room of One's Own is an essay written by Virginia Woolf. First published on October 24, 1929, the essay is based on a series of lectures the author gave in October 1928. The title of the essay comes from Woolf's idea that, "a woman must have money and a room of her own in order to write novels. Woolf notes that women have been kept from writing because of their relative poverty, and that financial freedom will bring women the freedom to write: "To begin with, having a room of your own.

2.2.1. A room of your own

3. fiction: identifies the act and consequence of pretending (that is, of allowing the existence of something that, in reality, does not appear on the real plane). In this sense, it can be said that a fiction is something that has been faked or that it is an invention.

3.1. The War of the Worlds is a science fiction novel written by Herbert George Wells and first published in 1898, describing a Martian invasion of Earth. Adaptations of Wells' novel have been made to different media: movies, radio programs, video games, comics and television series.

3.1.1. The War of the Worlds:

3.2. A talented young man exhibits an unusual talent that causes him to be chosen for advanced military training to lead Earth's forces in an intense war against the Formics, an alien invader. Ender's game is Orson Scott Card's best known novel. It won the two most prestigious science fiction awards: the Nebula Award for best novel in 1985 and the Hugo Award for best novel in 1986.

3.2.1. Ender's Games:

4. The speech: it is a term that refers to tendencies of elaboration of a message by means of expressive resources and diverse strategies, also according to the RAE it is a "series of the words and phrases used to express what is thought or felt", in addition it is "reasoning or exhibition of certain amplitude on some subject, that is read or pronounced in public".

4.1. The speech: In 1775 before the Convention of Virginia gathered to make the decision to raise troops against the British, Patrick Henry raised his voice. His speech made such an impact on those in attendance - including two future presidents, Thomas Jefferson and George Washington - that the Virginians decided almost unanimously that the time had come to take up arms.

4.1.1. Patrick Henry. Give me liberty or give me death.

4.2. In 1852 he was invited to speak in his adopted city of Rochester (New York) on July 5, the day after the United States' national holiday, and he took the opportunity to tell all he wanted to say on the subject of slavery, in a speech that would later be remembered as What is the 4th of July for a Slave? America is false to its past, false to the present, and solemnly bound to be false in the future.

4.2.1. Frederick Douglass. "The hypocrisy of American slavery"

5. Novel: is a literary work of a narrative nature and of a certain length. It is written in prose and narrates fictional or factual events. The novel is also a literary genre that includes this type of work. It is also the collection of novel works of an author, period, language or style.

5.1. Don Quixote:

5.2. The invisible Man:

6. Short stories: is a story with a fully developed theme but significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel.

6.1. Princess and the pea:

6.2. The snowman:

7. Poetry: Literary composition that is conceived as an artistic expression of beauty through the word, especially that which is subject to the measure and cadence of the verse.

7.1. homer's odyssey:

7.2. The Divine Comedy Dante:

8. plays drama: it is a literary genre whose text is normally made up of dialogues between characters and with a certain order, susceptible of scenic representation. In its staging, speeches, dialogues, mime, music, choreography and other forms of artistic expression can be combined.

8.1. Romeo and Juliet:

8.2. Hamlet:

9. Biography: is a person's life story. Biography can be used in a symbolic sense. For example: "The president's biography reflects that she has never been in a similar situation. In this case, the notion of biography refers to life history in general, without a material basis.

9.1. Was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, in the valley of the river Arno, Tuscany, territory of the Medici and Republic of Florence. He was the illegitimate and firstborn son of the notary Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, and of Caterina Buti del Vacca, a peasant woman. He did not have a surname in the present sense, and "da Vinci" simply means "de Vinci": his full name at birth was "Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci". Leonardo was a Florentine polymath of the Italian Renaissance, painter, anatomist, architect, paleontologist, artist, botanist, scientist, writer, sculptor, philosopher, engineer, inventor, musician, poet and town planner.

9.1.1. Leonardo da Vinci

9.2. Benjamin Franklin was an American politician, polymath, scientist and inventor. He is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Wikipedia Date of birth: January 17, 1706, Milk Street, Boston, Massachusetts, United States d. April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Known to: Inventing the Lightning Rod in 1753 (267 years ago)

9.2.1. Benjamin Franklin:

10. Autobiography: is the narration of a life or part of it, written by the protagonist himself, showing his birth, achievements, failures, likes, experiences, recognitions and other relevant events he has lived or attended. It is a literary genre that to a large extent lies on the border between literature and history and is close to others such as biography, epistolary, travel book, memoirs, curriculum vitae, diary, etc.

10.1. The Mémoires de Casanova are the common title of Giacomo Casanova's general ledger, according to the first editions of the Venetian adventurer's memoirs. Date of original publication: 1960 Author: Giacomo Casanova Original title: Histoire de ma vie Genres: Autobiography, Biography

10.1.1. Memories of Casanovas:

10.2. Translated from English, Wicked Ways is an autobiography written by Australian-born American actor Errol Flynn with the help of ghostwriter Earl Conrad. It was released posthumously in 1959 and became immensely popular for its cynical tone and its candid portrayal of the Hollywood film world. Original publication date: December 1959 Author: Earl Conrad Number of pages: 438

10.2.1. Wicked Ways

11. Proverb: It is known as a proverb to the sentence, adagio or saying. The proverb is an expression of few words and became popular, with the purpose of transmitting a thought, teaching or moral advice.

11.1. Don’t leave for tomorrow what you can do today.

11.2. Think what you want to think, but don't forget that you have to live every day with your own thoughts. Sioux proverb

12. fable is a type of short fiction story that has a didactic and moralistic intention. Therefore, it is usually accompanied by a moral, that is, an explicit teaching on the interpretation of the story. This literary genre serves to disseminate and teach values, as well as to sanction those behaviours that turn out to be antisocial.

12.1. The wolf and the lamb: A little lamb, newborn, was drinking in the stream of a clean brooklet. A wolf, who passed by, said to him: -Who gave you permission to drink in my stream? -The innocent man replied, "Don't be angry. Consider, rather, that if I drink of this water I do so far from your domain. -On the other hand, you spoke ill of me last year! - insisted the wolf, seeing himself snapped. -How would I have proceeded like this, if I had not yet been born? -If it wasn't you, you sanctimonious fool, it was one of your own. I must have my revenge at once. And, taking the little lamb into the woods, there he devoured it.

12.1.1. There is no valid reason, for whom revenge waits.

12.2. the ass and the fox meet the lion: "The ass and the fox, having joined together for their mutual protection, went out for a day's hunting. They did not walk far when they found a lion. The fox, sure of the immediate danger, approached the lion and promised to capture the donkey if he gave his word not to harm her. Then, assuring the donkey that he would not be mistreated, she led him to a deep pit and told him to keep there. The lion, seeing that the donkey was already secured, immediately grabbed the fox, and then attacked the donkey at will.

12.2.1. we must never betray friends for fear of enemies, for in the end you will also be betrayed.

13. legend A legend is a story about supernatural or natural events, or a mixture of both, that is passed down from generation to generation, either orally or in writing. Generally, the story is situated imprecisely between the myth and the true event, which gives it a certain uniqueness.

13.1. El rey colibrí:

13.2. Robin Hood:

14. Parable: it is a story with a moral teaching. It is usually a very simple and easy to understand story, in which human passions and desires are used through characters, animals or everyday aspects of life. It has a similar purpose to a children's story. However, the parable is addressed to the adult man who has an elaborated reasoning, has experience but also needs good advice, a suitable behaviour pattern.

14.1. The parable of the lost sheep appears in Matthew 18:12-14 and Luke 15:24-27. One sheep out of 100 is lost, and the shepherd (God) leaves the flock to rescue it. Like the parable of the prodigal son, Jesus indicates that God rejoices in the repentance of those who turn away from faith. Jesus explains that every soul has value to God and is worth bringing back into the fold.

14.1.1. The lost sheep:

14.2. Luke 15:11-32 tells the parable of the prodigal son. The story tells how God deals with the believer's free will and repentance. The believer can choose to walk away from all the blessings and joys that God has for him. He may enjoy that unjust life for a while, but it may soon cost him everything he has. If he repents, God welcomes him home with joy and restores the relationship.

14.2.1. The prodigal son:

15. The theatre: it is part of the performing arts group. Its development is linked to actors who represent a story before an audience. This art, therefore, combines various elements, such as gestures, speech, music, sounds and scenography.

15.1. Romeo and Juliet:

15.2. Hamlet:

16. comedy: it is a play that presents a majority of humorous or festive scenes and situations. Comedies seek to entertain the audience and generate laughter, with usually happy endings. Comedy is also the genre that groups together all works of these characteristics.

16.1. The comedy of errors:

16.2. The taming of the shrew:

17. tragedy: it is associated with a literary and artistic genre of the same name. It is the type of dramatic work with fatal actions that generate horror and compassion. The characters in a tragedy inevitably come face to face with the gods or various situations in life in deeds that lead them to doom. The main character of the tragedy usually ends up dead or morally destroyed.

17.1. Othello:

17.2. Macbeth:

18. The ballad: is a form of expressing the courtly song of the end of the Middle Ages in Europe, which appears in the 14th century. Poetry is dissociated from music, but musicality is created in the writing of the poem itself. ... Although we must not confuse the romantic ballad in poetry.

18.1. La Ballade de la Ceole de Reading

18.2. sad ballad of a lady

19. A fairy tale: is a fictional story that may contain folk characters such as fairies, elves, elves, witches, mermaids, trolls, giants, gnomes and talking animals and include incantations, usually depicted as an implausible sequence of events.

19.1. Some peasants wanted a child until the wife finally got pregnant and saw some raponchigos, which she craved intensely. Her husband decides to go and collect some and ends up confronting the Wicked Witch, named Gothel, who accuses him of theft. He begs her for mercy, and the witch gives him some bells to take to his wife on the condition that the child she is expecting be given to her at the time of his birth. He accepts. The baby is born a beautiful, sweet, blonde girl, the witch appears, names the plant Rapunzel, and takes it away. When Rapunzel is twelve years old the wicked witch Gothel locks her away in a lonely, high tower with no entrance door and goes to visit her every day, asking her to drop her long blonde and golden hair, to climb up to her. Date of original publication: 1812 Authors: Wilhelm Grimm, Jacob Grimm Spanish text: Ruiponche at Wikisource Country: Germany

19.1.1. Rapunzel:

19.2. There was once a woman who wanted to have a child and to do so she turned to a good witch who gave her a magic barley seed. The woman planted the seed and soon after a flower was born from it, which when opened showed a little girl whom she called Thumbelina. One night when Thumbelina was sleeping, she was kidnapped by a toad who wanted her to marry his son. After sailing down the rivers with them, she managed to hold on to a butterfly and get away from the toads. There begins her daily struggle against the world of big things. Until, after having passed through numerous "seas" with a beetle, a mole and a rat, she meets the diminutive Prince Cornelius, the prince of the kingdom of the flower fairies, with whom Thumbelina marries and lives happily ever after.

19.2.1. Thumbelina:

20. The essay: is a type of prose text that explores, analyzes, interprets or evaluates a topic. It is considered a literary genre within the didactic genre. The most representative classical characteristics of an essay are: It is a serious and well-founded writing that synthesizes a significant theme. Its purpose is to argue an opinion on the topic or to explore it. It has a preliminary, introductory, propaedeutic character. It presents arguments and sustained opinions.

20.1. The book is divided into XVII articles (Descansos los llama Reyes), in which he discusses the cuisines he enjoyed on his travels: Spanish, French, Brazilian, Argentinean and, of course, Mexican cuisine. He also devotes chapters to wine, liquor, coffee, chocolate, and even cannibalistic cuisine!

20.1.1. Memorias de cocina y bodega:

20.2. is a long essay written by composer Richard Wagner in which he sets out some of his basic ideas about the role of art in society and the nature of opera. Wagner noted that artists complained that economic uncertainty following the revolutions of 1848 had damaged their prospects. But such materialistic claims were selfish and unjustified. Those who practiced art for art's sake conducted an examination of the role of art in society, beginning with a historical review from Ancient Greece.

20.2.1. El arte y la revolución