Aldous Huxley "Brave New World"

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Aldous Huxley "Brave New World" von Mind Map: Aldous Huxley "Brave New World"

1. Chapter 1: the novel opens in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre, where humans are created and incubated. There are five castes: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon. Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon undergo the Bokanovsky Process, when an egg is shoched so that it becomes multiple indentical embryos. The cloning process is one of the tools the World State uses to implement its guiding motto: "Community, Identity, Stability". Every embryos are engineered to enjoy and accept their destiny. Later, the Director and Henry Foster then introduce Lenina Crowne to the students. She is a girl who immunize the fetuses destined for the tropics with vaccinations for typhoid and sleeping sickness.

2. Plot overview: the novel opens in the World State city of London, where citizens are engineered through artificial wombs and childhood indoctrination programmes into predetermined classes based on intelligence and labour.

3. Chapter 17: John and Mustapha Mond continue their philosophical argument. John declares that he wants God, poetry, real danger, freedom, goodness and sin, but not something from genetic engineering. Mond tells him that his wishes will lead to unhappiness. John understands but does not change his wishes.

4. Characters: 1) John - the son of the Director and Linda. John is the only major character to have grown up outside of the World State. 2) Bernard Max - an Alpha male who fails to fit in because of his inferior physical stature. 3) Helmholtz Watson - an Alpha lecturer at the College of Emotional Engineering. He is a prime example of his caste, but feels that his work is empty and meaningless and would like to use his writing abilities for something more meaningful. 4) Lenina Crowne - a vaccination worker at the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. She is an object of desire for a number of major and minor characters. 5) Mustapha Mond - the Resident World Controller of Western Europe, one of only ten World Controllers. 6) Fanny Crowne - Lenina Crowne's friend. 7) Henry Foster - one of Lenina's many lovers, he is perfectly conventional Alpha male. 8) Linda - John's mother, and a Beta. 9) The Director - he is a threatening figure, with the power to exile Bernard to Iceland. 10) Pope - was Linda's lover on the New Mexico Savage Reservation. 11) The Warden - chief administrator, an Alpha. 12) The Arch-Community-Songster - the secular, shallow equivalent.

5. Chapter 15: In the hospital, John encounters two Bokanovsky groups of Delta twins picking up their soma rations after their shift. John starts recalling Shakespeare's lines and cries out for them to stop taking the soma rations, because it is a poison and let them to choose the freedom. Delta's started throwing soma out of the window. Later Bernard and Helmholtz arrived to help John, because John was out of his mind. Then Deltas started crying, kissing one another and picking soma and restoring it.

6. Chapter 12: Bernard arranges a large party of important people. He is humiliated and embarrassed as all of his guests. In addition, Lenina is disappointed that she does not know why John left her. Bernard sinks back into his former melancholia now that his newfound success has evaporated. He makes John his spacegoat. Later John and Helmholtz meet and communicate in a good way, but Bernard feels angry of that and takes a soma. Even more, John reads passages from Shakespeare to Helmholtz, but Helmholtz started laughing and John locks his book away.

7. Chapter 14: John hurries to the Park Lane Hospital for the Dying. He wants to see his mother. John came back to his early life, when he was a Bokanovsky boy. Linda because of dreaming says John's name, starts to recite a hypnopaedic phrase from her childhood, and then begins to choke and later she dies.

8. Chapter 2: The Director leads the group of students to the Nurseries. The Foster shows Delta kids who crawl toward books and flowers and receive an electric shock so that they will not desire such things. The Director explained that after 200 repetitions, the children will have an instinctive hatred of books and flowers. The lower castes are now conditioned to hate the countryside but to love country sports. In addition, when the Foster mentions parents, students blush, because the outdated mode of sexual reproduction is now considered taboo. Even more, the engineers use hypnopaedia to teach children morals while they are asleep. In conclusion, all generations have good conditions to grow up.

8.1. Chapter 3: The Director leads the students to the garden, where several hundred naked children are playing. In this chapter, Mustapha Mond - Foster's friend, qoutes him saying "History is bunk", because to emphasize the reason students do not know about the past. In addition, World State controls social relationships because strong emotions are destabilizing, and it has weakened resistence, which is a propaganda campaign and the suppresion of books. Even more, the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre designed a soma, which allows people to feel young throughout their lives. In the end, the World State celebrates promiscuity a virtue, because it eliminates emotional attachment. In conclusion, Mustapha Mond told very informal thoughts which let young generation know more about themselves and United States.

8.1.1. Chapter 4: Bernard reacts with embarrasment when Lenina bahaved like a "healthy and virtous English girl" - that is someone unafraid of discussing sexual life in public. Delta-Minus attendants get helicopter ready for the flight, who associate larger size with higher status, so Bernad has trouble getting them to follow his orders. Watzon is preoccupied with the thougt that his writing talent could be better used than simply for writing hypnopaedic phrases.

8.1.1.1. Chapter 5: Henry and Lenina fly in a helicopter over a crematorium where phosphorous is collected from burning bodies for fertilizer. In Solidarity Service at the Fordson Community Singery people work into a frenzy of exultation and ceremony end in a sex orgy.

9. Chapter 10: Back at the Hatchery, the Director tells Henry that he plans to dismiss Bernard in front of dozens of high - caste workers as a public example. Sacrificing one individual for the greater one is not bad, because Hatchery can churn out dozens of new babies. Later the Director tells Bernard that he is being transferred to Iceland. But then Bernard presents Linda and John. Even more, John falls at the Director's feet and cries, but Director rushes from the room.

10. Chapter 6: Lenina convinces Bernard to attend a wrestling match. He refuses to take soma, but later he takes a large dose of soma, and has sex with her. The next day, Bernand tells Lenina that he did not really want to have sex with her first night. Then he goes to get the Director‘s permission to visit the Reservation. When the Director presents the permit, he mentions that he took a trip there with a woman twenty years before. Bernard said that he must have suffered a terrible shock. The Director critizes Bernand for his antisocial behavior and threatens to exile him to Iceland. Later Lenina and Bernard travel to the Reservation. When they present themselves to the Warden, he launches into a long series of facts about the place. But everything turned to other side: Director is planning to carry out Bernard threat of exiling him to Iceland. Bernand is rebellious that the Director‘s threat has become a reality.

10.1. Chapter 7: At the Reservation, Lenina watches a community celebration. Lenina is horrified , because of a man action when he whips a snake and draw blood until the youth collapses. Lenina and Bernard were surprised by John‘s speaking about her mother and when he said that he wanted to be the sacrifice, but the town would not let him. Later, John introduces Lenina and Bernard to his mother. She told all her memories about John‘s born, about her life – sleeping with any man she pleased.

11. "Brave New World" is Aldous Huxley's 1932 dystopian novel. Borrowing from the Tempest, Huxley imagines a genetically-engineered future where life is pain-free but meaningless.

12. Aldous Leonard Huxley was an English writer and philosopher. He wrote nearly fifty books and one of them is "Brave New World". Huxley was a humanist and pacifist. He grew interested in philosophical mysticism and universalism

13. Chapter 8: John tells Bernard that he grew up listening to Linda's fabulous stories about the Other Placed. Linda took a lover, Pope, who brought her alcoholic drink called mescal. She began drinking heavily. John asked his mother's questions about the World State, but she could tell him very little about how it worked. Later, Bernard asks John if he would like to go to London with him - he wants to embarrass the Director by exposing him as John's father. John accepts the proposal, but insists that Linda be allowed to go with him. Even more, John asks Bernard if he is married to Lenina, but he certainly is not. Bernard cautions John to wait until he sees the World State before he becomes enraptured with it.

14. Chapter 9: Lenina takes a soma holiday and Bernard hatches a plan. He convinces Mustapha Mond to take Linda and John back to London careful not to mention the directors role. Meanwhile John visits the rest house and discovers Lenina sleeping in the bedroom, crouches down beside her and recites lines from Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. John idealises and romanticises Lenina unaware that in the world state everyone belongs to everyone else.

15. Chapter 13: Henry invites Lenina to a feely, but she declines. Later she complains to Fanny that she still does not know what it is like to sleep with a savage and she says that she wants only John. Later, Lenina takes soma and visits John, where they talked about marriage and love. Furthermore, Lenina began removing her clothes, but John calls her a whore and slaps her.

16. Chapter 16: Mond arrives and says to John "So you don't much like civilization". John is surprised, because Mond reads Shakespeare's lines. Mond explains why literature is banned. The first reason, because of beautiful things, the second, because the citizens of the World State would not able to understand Shakespeare. John is inclined to think that this brand of happiness creates monstrous and repulsive human beings. Mond tells that castes are happy with the same castes. Although the World State is technotopia, Mond explains that even technology has to be kept under rigorous controls for the happy and stable society to be possible. Science has also had to be suppressed to create the happy and stable society. Later Mond tells Helmholtz and Bernard they will be exiled. But both of them are unsatisfied of this order. Mond tells them they will get good islands to live but Helmholtz prefers an island with bad climate, so he goes to the Falkland islands.

17. Chapter 18: Bernard and Helmholtz say good-bye to John. Later, John chooses to seclude himself in an abandoned lighthouse in the wilderness. One day, some Delta-Minus workers see John whipping himself. One day he thinks longingly of Lenina and rushes to whip himself. Later he finds Lenina and she steps out of a helicopter and walks toward him. John was out of his mind that after midnight, he collapses. When he awakes the next day, he remembers everything with horror. And in the end, he hanged himself.

18. Chapter 11: The Director resigns in disgrace, and Bernard is able to keep his job. Linda takes soma continually and falls into a half-awake, half-asleep state of intoxication. Bernard boasts about his thriving sex life to Helmholtz, but when he didn't respond, Bernard decides to stop speaking to him. Bernard thinks that his popularity as the Savage's discoverer and guardian will protect him. Later John visits Eton where Alpha children laugh at a film of "savages" beating themselves with whips on a Reservation. Furthermore, Lenina likes John and takes him to watch a movie. John hates the movie, but his passion to Lenina is what he likes. John refuses to have sex with Lenina and both of them dispersed.