Greek Prehistoric Period

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Greek Prehistoric Period von Mind Map: Greek Prehistoric Period

1. Middle stone age

1.1. Nobody knows much yet about the people in greek, approximately from 9000-7000 BC. People still live mainly by gathering, hunting and fishing, especially tuna, they still do not farm, or use metal or build houses, they usualy live in caves. They sail in the mediterranean sea using boats made out of reeds and animal skin. They use boats mainly to catch tuna, or get obsidian because they use tools made of obsidian. You can't really get obsidian in mainland greek, so you have to go to the nearby volcanic island. The nearest island that have obsidian is aegean island between greek and turkey. So either mainland greeks sail to the island to get obsidian, or them sailing to greek to sell obsidian to them. Mainly Modern Man lives in this age.

2. Old stone age period

2.1. The first people almost know how to paddle small boats. These people lived like their ancestors in Blombos cave in Africa. They did not live in houses. But they live in the cave along the coastline. they mainly live in Franchthi Cave. People that live in Franchthi Cave mainly hunted deer, rabits. They caught fish, gathered mussels and clams, wild grain for bread or porridge, and gathered peas and beans, fruits and nuts. People use stone, wood, plant fibers and bones to make fish hooks, spears, knives and scrapers. Franchthi cave was occupied with a group consist of about 25-30 people. They also have traded obsidian to West Asia, Central Asia and Northern Europe. They use traps and bows and arrows to collect wild plants and fishing and hunting wild animals.

3. New stone age

3.1. during this age, many things has developed. getting food was harder because the population started to grow, so they started farming. People also start to herd sheep, goats and pigs. They have a small village back then in greek .People also start to sticks, and muds for their houses. They use wooden sticks for fences. The roofs of their houses are thatched to grass and they let a small opening for the smoke from the fire to get out (since there were no chimneys yet). Since the houses are very small, they mostly spend their activities outside unless if it was raining which dont happen oftenly there. They already start to use pottery, they start by making potts, they probably learn how to do this from the people in West Asia. As soon as time passed by, they start to protect their villages and fields from invaders. Nia Nikomedia start to put fence around their village and two ditches. Around 5000 BC, they start to use stone as the base of their houses with complicated gates to make it hard for you to get in. They fight with spears, maces, sling and bow and arrow. Fancy potterys are decorated with red and white paint, some of the fanciest ones are carried to other villages and they sell it there. Around the 4000 BC, a fire destroyed a village named sesklo with the cause of cooking inside their home or it was war. The evidence that this age actually exist is the dimini village which is an archeological site.

4. Megalithicum

4.1. This age does not give a great impact on greek prehistoric period.

5. Bronze age

5.1. This period roughly lasted about 3 thousand year and have major advances on social, economic and technological advances. Historians have identified 4 main civilisation this time. The first one is Cycladic civilisation they develop in the aegean islands, around the Cyclades. On the other hand, the Minoans develop in the island of Crete. The civilisation in the greek mainland is called "Helladic" and is described that Helladic civilisation is heading towards the end of 11th BCE also called as "the age of heroes" because its the source of many mythological heroes such as Hercules, Iliad and Odyssey. The three civilisation have many things in common but are very different in culture. The Minoans are the first advanced civilisation on Europe, while the Mycenaeans are very strong on the culture influenced by the legends and the language. This period is partly called " The dark ages " because the have no evidence of cultural development. The evidence is there is a treaty between 2 leaders and one of the leader give cultural inflluence to greek and have played an important role in greek.

6. copper age

6.1. In fact greek do not have a copper age, the only have bronze age, iron age, silver age and golden age. This age does not give a big impact on greek.

7. Iron age

7.1. The Frankthi cave shows that these new inhabitans are already doing traids with each other in the island. They divide iron age into 2, iron age I and iron age II. Iron age are known for their development on weapons and tools. One of the examples of the weapon are body armor, they tried doing this on the bronze age, but it was ineffective. Minoan civilisation lives in this era, however, there is no written history of them. So we use pottery, stones, statues and paintings to try to understand them. The people from the east have invaded them and teaching them culture.The greek iron age aka the dark age is the time when The Mycenaean civilisation collapse and the greek archaic of the 800 BC begin. One of the main events in the iron age is The Mycenaean civilisation's leaders being destroyed. The birth of this age was also the end of The Mycenaean Civilisation. They have develop on their engineering, Architecture, and military. Because of all the discoveries, their knowledge about iron-working has developed. So the name Greek dark age has been changed into the Early iron age. This age was ended with the Archaic Greece age. Many people believed that this age began around the 1200 BC and continued until the 800 BC. Although some people believed that this age began around the 1100 Bc and ended at the beginning of the first olympian games at 776 BC. The population has decreased dramatically in Greece and people start moving places to places because of their livestock. The iron age beliefs were polytheistic, which means that they belief in more then one god/goddesses.

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