IDEA Disability Categories

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IDEA Disability Categories by Mind Map: IDEA Disability Categories

1. Autism

1.1. affects verbal and nonverbal communication

1.2. Intervention - ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) including graphing progress of skills, using visual prompts to build up social skills; using Ipad apps with picture communication features

2. Deaf-blindness

2.1. simultaneously hearing and visually impaired

2.2. Intervention - Speech pathologist focuses on verbal, nonverbal, and oral skills (i.e. drinking), in addition to support on sign language, braille, verbal output devices

3. Deafness

3.1. severe hearing impairment

3.2. Intervention - using personal hearing devices with sound-field FM system, having less visual distractions in class, using captioning or scripts, frequent checking for understanding

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. behind his or her peers physically, intellectually, socially, emotionally, and behaviorally

4.2. Intervention - breaking down tasks into simpler steps, using visual timers, having a 'friend book',

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. inability to learn that is related to lack of having social relationships, inappropriate behavior, unhappiness, and sickness related to negative associations with school and personal problems

5.2. Intervention - using self-monitoring checklists, receiving psychological counseling, making clear indications of what is happening in the classroom, working gradually towards group activities, being sensitive when creating group work activities

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. can be permanent or fluctuating; not under the definition of "deafness"

6.2. Intervention - provide transcripts of audio material, use visual prompts, have tiered instructions that are not complicated

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. having sub-average general intellectual functioning with deficits in adaptive behavior

7.2. Intervention - practicing skills in different environments for generalization, behavior specific praise, practicing functional communication, using social stories, using gestures to enhance explanation, using less words when explaining, teaching daily living skills, having a visual schedule of the day's activities

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. a combination of two disorders that cause severe education needs, deaf-blindness is not included

8.1.1. Intervention - becoming aware of the needs of the student, becoming familiar with each disability that the student has, using assistive technology (for example, communication boards)

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. impairments cause by disease or physical impairments

9.2. Intervention - having special furniture for the student, having class helpers for the student, having writing tools for the student (for example, pencil grips)

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. having limited strength, vitality, or alertness that  adversely affects a child's educational perfomrance

10.2. Intervention - can be wide-ranging, teacher needs to become aware of the specific issues, and early intervention is best

11. Speech or Language Impairment

11.1. communication disorder that affects educational performance

11.2. Intervention - use tactile and visual cues, incorporate individual vocabulary into the unit, using computer/Ipad apps to reinforce lessons, provide visual cues and gestures for the student

12. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

12.1. both partial sight and blindness affecting educational performance

12.2. Intervention - using recorded text, braille text, slanted boards for reading text, receiving copies of larger text for presented material, using clear and dark copies for assisgnments

13. Specific Learning Disability

13.1. having one or more psychological processes involved in understanding or using language or doing mathematical calculations

13.2. Intervention - using audio books, on-screen keyboards, using illustrations to accompany readings, stressing phonics rules, chunking together information for memory recall

14. Traumatic Brain Injury

14.1. an injury to the brain caused by an external force, resulting in psycho-social impairment or partial or total functional disabiliity

14.2. Intervention - breaking steps down into simpler steps, using DTI model with providing immediate feedback, giving clearly stated (visualized) instructions, providing praise when completes assignments, having access to breaks in class

15. Smiley face = Case study

16. Technology to use for IDEA students

17. Websites for Special Education