Plant Cell

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Plant Cell by Mind Map: Plant Cell

1. Cytoplasm:

1.1. liquid gel-like substance found throughout the cell that which holds the cells shape and the organelles. Reactions can take place within this substance.

2. Chromosomes:

2.1. organized form of DNA, which is the cells blueprint for making proteins

3. Cell Membrane:

3.1. thin outer covering that keeps the cell shape and acts like a boundary regulating what materials enter and exit the cell.

4. Nucleus

4.1. Only found in Eukaryotic Cells and houses the cell's genetic material - DNA

5. Nucleolus

5.1. Found inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.

6. Ribosome

6.1. This organelle is the site where protein is made. It can be found floating in the cytoplasm or attached to the rough Endoplasmic Reticulum.

7. Mitochondria:

7.1. called the “powerhouse” of the cell because it releases energy from food through a process called cellular respiration.

8. Endoplasmic Reticulum

8.1. an organelle that produces and transports materials and compounds (like lipids and proteins) throughout the cell. smooth - tube has NO ribosomes on the membrane rough - tube has ribosomes on the membrane

9. Vacuoles

9.1. they carry and store a variety of materials such as food, water, and waste. in animal cells, these are small and multi-structures in plant cells, there is one large central vacuole that takes up most of the inside

10. Chloroplasts

10.1. an organelle that contains the pigment chlorophyll in green plants and is the site of photosynthesis.

11. Cell Wall

11.1. Thick outer covering outside the cell membrane providing extra support and protection

12. Cytoskeleton

12.1. a framework of tubules providing movement, structure and support for the organelles and cell

13. Golgi body

13.1. modifies, processes, and packages cell products (like proteins) and puts them into vesicles to be transported within the cell or carried out of the cell.